Our staff is qualified to design many types of septic systems, from conventional to pumps to drip. A laser level is used to establish contours across the usable soil area, and potential drainlines are marked with various colored pin flags. We will attempt to design the most cost effective system that site conditions will allow.
Persons planning to build, alter, or expand a structure from which sewage will be discharged must apply for a septic permit. Septic permits are required to ensure the wastewater system is located and installed in accordance with state law. The Health Department is charged with regulating the installation and operation of septic systems and other types of wastewater systems in order to protect public health.
Previously, NC residents only had one option for permitting a subsurface sewage system: the Local Health Department (LHD). Recent changes to the laws and rules governing sewage waste disposal have added private permitting options which allow a Licensed Soil Scientist (LSS), Authorized Onsite Wastewater Evaluator (AOWE), or Professional Engineers (PE) to provide some or all of the services previously provided solely by the LHD .
NC residents may choose:
Applicants may choose to have the LHD handle all aspects of the permitting process (traditional), or use a licensed professional consultant to handle a portion or all of the permitting process. Professional consulting services are especially useful on sites with difficult soil situations or complex wastewater system designs. Private permitting may also shorten the application processing time in counties with a long permitting backlog.
Application is made to the Local Health Department (LHD) who completes the soil and site investigation, designs the septic system, and inspects the system at installation. Permitting fees and review times vary by county. A consultant may provide investigations and reports to facilitate LHD efforts, but ALL final determinations and permits are issued by the LHD.
There are 3 different permits in the traditional septic permitting process:
An Authorized Onsite Wastewater Evaluator (AOWE) will prepare signed and sealed soil and site evaluations, specifications, plans, and reports for the site layout, construction, operation, and maintenance of a wastewater system. The AOWE is responsible for all site and soil evaluations, system design requirements, and inspections associated with this permitting option. The AOWE inspects the septic installation and provides an inspection report and operations and management program to the owner.
The applicant files a Notice of Intent (NOI) with the LHD that they intend to use a private AOWE permit by filling out the LHD application and providing them with the AOWE permit package. A small application fee is due to the LHD. The LHD will assign a tracking number and has 5 days to review the application for completeness.
A Professional Engineer may prepare signed and sealed drawings, specifications, plans, and reports for the design, construction, operation, and maintenance of the wastewater system. An LSS is required to provide the soil and site investigation and report. The PE inspects the septic installation and provides an inspection report and operations and management program to the owner.
The applicant files a Notice of Intent (NOI) with the LHD that they intend to use a private EOP by filling out the LHD application and providing them with the EOP permit package. A small application fee is due to the LHD. The LHD will assign a tracking number and has 5 days to review the application for completeness.
Hybrid permits mix aspects of traditional and private permitting. N.C.G.S. 130A-335(a2) allows the LHD to issue Improvement Permits (IP) and Construction Authorizations (CA) based upon detailed reports prepared by a licensed professional (e.g. Licensed Soil Scientist (LSS), Authorized Onsite Wastewater Evaluator (AOWE), or Professional Engineer (PE)). The applicant may choose to use a licensed professional for either or both the IP and CA. The installation inspection is conducted by the LHD who issues the Operation Permit (OP).
An application should be filed with the LHD for a Hybrid (A2) Permit, and the LSS/AOWE reports attached to the application. An application fee is due to the LHD. The LHD will issue the IP and/or the CA within 10 business days of receipt of a complete application.